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Parking Garage by Steel Structurer
The steel bearing structure consists of vertical columns and horizontal beams, usually connected by bolt and nut. The horizontal forces due to wind and breaking of cars are transferred horizontally through the floor slabs to the vertical wind bracings or shear walls.

In multi-storey car parks, the outer columns are spaced at intervals corresponding to the width of one or more parking spaces (units of 2.30m to 2.50 m). Where the spacing between two columns exceeds 5 m, secondary beams are foreseen between the columns. Ideally, the distance between columns should correspond to the one of the main girders in order to avoid secondary beams, thus optimizing the weight of the steel structure.

An optical delimitation of the parking spaces is obtained when the distance between columns coincides with the border width of each parking space.

Steel structures in car parks are flexible and allow to easily adapt the size of the building to new needs without generally disturbing the operations within. Provided an appropriate design, steel structures can also be dismantled after a given period of time for reconstruction at a new site.

Key Advantages; 

  • Reduced weight of the structure
  • Insensitivity to settlements
  • Elastic deformation behavior
  • Hinged simple supports
  • Economical
  • User-friendly
  • High sense of security for users
  • Short construction times
  • 100 % recyclable
  • Expandable
  • Various uses
  • Esthetical design
  • Reusable

Optimized car park layout

Result in simplified flat foundations. They also may make deep foundations unnecessary. In case very weak sub-soils require deep foundations for controlling the settlements, the design of lightweight steel structures leads to reduced pile lengths. It is a good procedure to wait with the tender until the type of bearing structure is fixed in order to take full advantage of the reduced costs of foundations associated with light steel structures.
  • Parking lot width: 2.5 m
  • Parking lot length: 5.3 m
  • Drive way width: 6.5 m
  • Ramp slope: 12 %
  • Max. car weight: 2,500kg
  • Min. clearance height: 2.10 m

Floor Deck Panel


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